How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

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SmarterEveryDay

Il y a 14 jours

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Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
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Commentaires
SmarterEveryDay
SmarterEveryDay Il y a 13 jours
1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday. 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!
Leo
Leo Il y a 19 heures
YOU, SmarterEveryDay, NEED to go register to be on the spaceflight around the moon in 2023. It closes Mar 14th. How? Google "Elon Musk Moon"
Elizabeth Cullum Hart
Elizabeth Cullum Hart Il y a 2 jours
@MackASmack LickadySlap My first investment with Karen asnin Whitby earned me profit of over $350,530 US dolla ever since then he has been delivering
Snoop Dogg
Snoop Dogg Il y a 2 jours
What if it goes boom
Daye Jung
Daye Jung Il y a 3 jours
Dustin, it would be cool if you talked about sonic booms underwater.
Isaac Imran
Isaac Imran Il y a 4 jours
I dont know if anyone cares at all but last night I hacked my girlfriends Instagram password using Instaportal. Find it on google if you wanna try it
Meh
Meh Il y a 25 minutes
"I'm from ohio" "Oh"
angel gallegos
angel gallegos Il y a 25 minutes
Why can’t they put a plant
Sean Williams
Sean Williams Il y a 50 minutes
Redundancy is always good for systems that keep you alive.
nocola nocola
nocola nocola Il y a 2 heures
15:03 NINE INCH NAIL
Jeff Mitchell
Jeff Mitchell Il y a 2 heures
"deep dive" .. lol, well played
Patrick Hawthorne
Patrick Hawthorne Il y a 2 heures
Looks really old and i would have thought there would be real time status and detection systems everywhere but hey .. what do i know
Jonathan Friesen
Jonathan Friesen Il y a 3 heures
Are not gonna talk about that guy's haircut at 12:17 ? That looks manly compared to alot of goofy silly hairstyle nowadays 😜
dlj rocket
dlj rocket Il y a 3 heures
All very interestig and informative. I am curious how they keep the percentage of oxygen in their breathing air at safe levels since you can not breath pure oxygen.
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Il y a 3 heures
They don’t evacuate the submarine’s atmosphere before they submerge. The nitrogen remains as it isn’t consumed.
random269
random269 Il y a 5 heures
Wish he could talk like a normal person.....
Rafael Guillen
Rafael Guillen Il y a 6 heures
Since the air we breath is ~79.2% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen, in a sub does the Nitrogen levels remain the same? and if it doesn't, how is it made up to keep the same ratio?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Il y a 3 heures
The nitrogen isn’t consumed. It just stays.
The Murph77
The Murph77 Il y a 6 heures
Nine inch nail!!
DommoPA
DommoPA Il y a 6 heures
Showed China our best subs .... has this been cleared?
Naveen Paraparan
Naveen Paraparan Il y a 6 heures
The instinctive sausage concordingly shrug because jaguar distally appear during a maddening hub. incompetent, busy sky
Rainbow Squash
Rainbow Squash Il y a 7 heures
Awesome but you don't seem so smart when you mention astronauts, you swallowed that bs lol
WypmanGames
WypmanGames Il y a 7 heures
before watching my thoughts/idea have a bunch of plants and small trees around the place that absorb the stuff we breathe out and make the oxigen we breathe in, issue: they use photosynthesis and need sunlight, solution: we can make lamps that give the same effects too, and those lamps can be powered by the engine of the submarine
WypmanGames
WypmanGames Il y a 3 heures
@Eddie J. G. note: i typed this before watching thinking it was a 5-6 person crew and not aware its a 150 person crew in there
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Il y a 3 heures
How many plants would it take to maintain the atmosphere safe for 150 people? How much fresh water would be needed to maintain the plants?
Enila5
Enila5 Il y a 8 heures
19:41 father and son
Juan Gabriel Falcon
Juan Gabriel Falcon Il y a 8 heures
Why is the need of scrubbing the CO2? Shouldn't be enough to add the oxygen? (I don't understand why is more CO2 released in the air)
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Il y a 3 heures
We exhale CO2... as in, our bodies produce CO2 as a byproduct of metabolism. We’re constantly making CO2.
Klipk
Klipk Il y a 9 heures
"So is this you job" LOL
J Steensgaard
J Steensgaard Il y a 10 heures
Amazing video as always, but there's one thing i don't understand. Where does the Carbon come from?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Il y a heure
@J Steensgaard yes... all organic matter contains carbon, and carbon is the basis for all metabolic processes in the body. We get more by eating it.
J Steensgaard
J Steensgaard Il y a 2 heures
@Eddie J. G. But wouldn't that mean that the people are eventually 'emptied' of carbon? The people need to get the carbon into them somehow. Is that all through food?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Il y a 3 heures
People.
wabs05
wabs05 Il y a 12 heures
So interesting thank you! Will discuss this electrolysis method in my science class
B Person
B Person Il y a 12 heures
Do they sing "happy birthday" when they light the candles?
Andrew Murray
Andrew Murray Il y a 13 heures
All you need is a bit of greenery - plants produce oxygen and consume CO2 although....a bit hard without sunlight.
Hey Ho
Hey Ho Il y a 13 heures
3:33 Who else thought they had a massage area
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda Il y a 13 heures
class Delta fire. I like the sound of it.
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda Il y a 13 heures
this video is appearing in my recommendations for than a month. I finally clicked it and liked it. FRpost never fails to amaze.
Sheik S
Sheik S Il y a 15 heures
I learn more information about your tips
only pain
only pain Il y a 16 heures
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Joe D
Joe D Il y a 16 heures
This was an amazing video
Fenrir Nobody
Fenrir Nobody Il y a 16 heures
When he said it was "self oxidizing", I realized it was a form of thermite reaction, where O2 was an output of the reaction, released into the atmosphere. Amazing.
Sniperbuddy Dex
Sniperbuddy Dex Il y a 17 heures
i dont understand to it... so they are making oxy-hydrogen gas and separating hydrogen and breathable oxygen? because otherwise they could die due to poisoning from "browns gas" and i thought that this process of electrolysis is able to use only in welding technique or cars and not even thinked about it can be used as oxygen generator to submarines. nice video
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Il y a 3 heures
We purify water, then we use electrolysis to separate the oxygen from the hydrogen. We discharge the hydrogen overboard and store the oxygen or release the oxygen straight into the air.
dsfgh zxc
dsfgh zxc Il y a 17 heures
so... the mea doesn't scrub the carbon off of the co2... it actually takes the co2 out of the air
rollonbc
rollonbc Il y a 17 heures
What happens to the co with the lithium hydroxide method?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Il y a 2 heures
@rollonbc I don’t know much about rebreathers.
rollonbc
rollonbc Il y a 3 heures
@Eddie J. G. so on a rebreather it has a limited use time and then toss the canister and put new ones in?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Il y a 3 heures
The lithium hydroxide combines with the CO2 to become lithium carbonate and... just stays that way. We’d just throw it away.
Silvia Fox
Silvia Fox Il y a 18 heures
Fun Fact: We are capable of scrubbing the CO2 out of this planet's atmosphere similarly to the way described in this video in amounts equal to or greater than what we produce. We have already built and used facilities to do such, with the largest currently being built in Texas. It is a 1 Megaton atmospheric CO2 plant, which is the equivalent of 14,000,000 trees in that one CO2 plant. It works great and we would only need 40,000 of those facilities across the world to capture all of the CO2 produced on Earth. Sadly all our anti-CO2 funding is going into monetarily inefficient "green ideas" hyped by the mainstream environmentalists funded by certain institutions focused on selfish goals which are not going to help the majority of our people prosper while keeping our environment healthy.
Dalton Cloninger
Dalton Cloninger Il y a 18 heures
The Clinkers are named after an old blacksmithing term. When a blacksmith burns coal, some of the coal's impurities cant burn and are left behind, so you end up with a chunk of hard rock like materials in your forge. But when those chunks fall in your forge blowing fan they will "clink" around until settling or falling out.
Jeffstan F
Jeffstan F Il y a 19 heures
Oxygen not included. Both way applied.
Open your eyes
Open your eyes Il y a 20 heures
4:40 the dude in the back lol
Bryan Overton
Bryan Overton Il y a 20 heures
"We own practically 90% of the boat" I'm sure that TM div and M div totally agree with that statement.
scubaseppy
scubaseppy Il y a 20 heures
Could you burn this in your house in an emergency for heat?
Tom Liu
Tom Liu Il y a 21 heure
Destin when not filming: Haha I sabotaged your oxygen supply! See ya! ( is among us dead? )
Nate
Nate Il y a 21 heure
Great, now I have the science I need to hide from other humans underwater indefinitely.
Bath Minchew
Bath Minchew Il y a 21 heure
The amusing spandex biosynthetically grin because comb spectacularly support beside a diligent eyelash. anxious, anxious shears
Jacob DeBerry
Jacob DeBerry Il y a 22 heures
Can you do a video on nonlinear acoustic lenses and sound bullets?
Wild Mountain Gwendy
Wild Mountain Gwendy Il y a 22 heures
Sooo...submarines are filled with really tough nerds. That’s awesome.
Jason Garfitt
Jason Garfitt Il y a 23 heures
This is a great video
Trevor Johnston
Trevor Johnston Il y a jour
Is this... like... "legal?" I mean, isn't showing all this stuff kind of like revealing somewhat sensitive information, possibly harmful in the wrong hands? I mean.. shows where and how all the mechanisms for one of the most vital functions keeping our nation's service people *alive*... seems kind of sensitive,
Mr. Gherkin
Mr. Gherkin Il y a jour
O x y g e n
John Springart
John Springart Il y a jour
Other than the 2nd Class giving the tour, all I see are CPO's hanging out of doors, how many chiefs are on this boat?!
Michael Lederman
Michael Lederman Il y a jour
About 40 years ago when I was a teen I bought an Oxygen Welding device from Sears which used a small version of those candles with a red substance on the tip, you'd light them just like you would a match and they burned at a phenomenal rate of heat.
Timothy Jeffiers
Timothy Jeffiers Il y a jour
Cool stuff
David Nielsen
David Nielsen Il y a jour
first I felt a little claustrophobic, and then all the security/oversight made me feel strangely guilty
Muscle Head
Muscle Head Il y a jour
The willing wrench ethnically knock because jaw resultantly murder afore a super golf. tacit, perfect iris
SlipKnighT09
SlipKnighT09 Il y a jour
Because subscribing to a new channel is like a breath of fresh air
Test Test
Test Test Il y a jour
"So you're gonna light it?" "No, you are." That's why you do not conceal enthusiasm. So then good people can let you have fun.
siren synapse
siren synapse Il y a jour
Only God can make oxygen, beotch.
Daniel Curtis
Daniel Curtis Il y a jour
I could be wrong but I believe NaOH can work for scrubbing CO2. I always thought lithium hydroxide was used because it’s the lightest available hydroxide available. And on a boat or in space I hear weight is a bit of an issue...
Dan Ostrom
Dan Ostrom Il y a jour
so what do they do with the salt (NaCl) that is left over from process?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Il y a 3 heures
Out with the garbage.
Willywamo
Willywamo Il y a jour
Thumbnail looks like a KitKat made of air
Noah Manji
Noah Manji Il y a jour
No ones talking about what they thought the title in the thumbnail meant
Samuel Lipscomb
Samuel Lipscomb Il y a jour
Thank you.
budgiefriend
budgiefriend Il y a jour
How about a small break? 🐒 @ :-)
Johan Faas
Johan Faas Il y a jour
The hydrogen created in the oxigen process is thrown over board....
Drunk Astronaut
Drunk Astronaut Il y a jour
Can you do a video on the “ Tennis Racquet Theorem” aka “Dzhanibekov Effect”
Chris Hayes
Chris Hayes Il y a jour
Can anyone comment on how often leaks occur?
sffsd sfsf
sffsd sfsf Il y a jour
The illustrious clover immunophenotypically grease because bean interestedly complain with a broken fish. female fertile, interesting diploma
Ptao Tom
Ptao Tom Il y a jour
He's looks so young yet knows every little detail when questioned. Props to Dow from Ohio
Darth Vaper
Darth Vaper Il y a jour
I'm guessing this at 50 seconds into the video, I'm guessing they use electrolysis of water to separate the hydrogen and Oxygen and then they either vent or use the hydrogen somewhere else and maybe the pressure of the oxygen forces the CO2 to the bottom of the sub where it's stored or vented
Ptao Tom
Ptao Tom Il y a jour
Plug.. Hole😂😂😂
kuddi B
kuddi B Il y a jour
Me bring in the army I know for sure the the CO&XO was like don’t embarrass us on this sub 😂
Noname Lolnonono
Noname Lolnonono Il y a jour
Because they make there own 😂😂
Ryan Krystowski
Ryan Krystowski Il y a jour
This channel makes me smarter...every day!
jackvonpit the last
jackvonpit the last Il y a jour
This guy could be in the international space station in a matter of years. Love the videos
Hazy Skies
Hazy Skies Il y a jour
I came into this video thinking for sure it was electrolysis from the seawater, but you completely blew my mind when I learned chlorine gas would've also been produced from this reaction. Now I'm *very* interested to hear how they do it. Perhaps by somehow removing the carbon from the CO² to produce O²? Guess I'll find out... **Presses play again**
Hazy Skies
Hazy Skies Il y a jour
Oxygen producing candles... ... ... ... Nope, I got nothing. I'm speechless.
Hazy Skies
Hazy Skies Il y a jour
Oh, so it *is* still electrolysis, just after filtration... Well that's a little disappointing, oh well :/
Riadul Islam
Riadul Islam Il y a jour
Can they use the oxygen candle in hospitals for covid patients, as many hospitals around the world are running low on bottled oxygen?
Alex Fox
Alex Fox Il y a jour
use the oxygen candle for deep diving!
Alex Fox
Alex Fox Il y a jour
Devin keeps using all the oxygen!
MrAnthism
MrAnthism Il y a jour
No windows? Not a job for me!!!
Poop Smith
Poop Smith Il y a jour
Electrolysis would be my guess. Tons of surrounding water, tons of electricity because you have a reactor, and you're already using some for desalinization.
Marco Badici
Marco Badici Il y a jour
Russian scientists: "write that down, write it down"
Clasmir
Clasmir Il y a jour
You had all my respect until I saw your running outfit. Dude... :) lol
Flowmasta Flam
Flowmasta Flam Il y a jour
sure, sniff away.
Marc C
Marc C Il y a jour
i feel like every crew is a scientist lol
Leonidas
Leonidas Il y a jour
Honestly the guy who is explaining the oxygen levels ( 2:50 ) on the ship is a terrible teacher. Why couldn’t an officer or even a nco explain this? Anyways, awesome video.
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Il y a 3 heures
He’s an NCO, or as we call them in the Navy, a Petty Officer. He’s an E5, and seemed to know what he’s talking about.
j abe
j abe Il y a jour
Plug.. Hole😂😂😂
Jacob Ellinger
Jacob Ellinger Il y a jour
this might be a weird question but do subs have procedures for bed bug infestations and also what preventative measures do they have in place?
Nikola Stanisic
Nikola Stanisic Il y a jour
- It can monitor our atmosphere, oxygen... - So it is in the middle of the boat? - y..yes *taking notes in russian*
James Null
James Null Il y a jour
So very informative!!! Thank you for posting this video. 🇺🇸
Jade Mills
Jade Mills Il y a jour
Are you kidding ME! Princince is the best little Lab ever!
Erik Thompson
Erik Thompson Il y a jour
Destin... Huge fan.. love what you do, but I was concerned that you suggested sprinkling LiOH on the bunks. I'm not sure what form this LiOH is in, but it looks like pure LiOH is pretty toxic (3 out of 4 on the Health Hazard scale) along the lines of NaOH (Lye). Might be interesting to see what we could learn about how this danger is contained. Maybe "the professor" (Martyn Poliakoff) at Periodic Videos might have something to say.
Nic Ferrier
Nic Ferrier Il y a jour
I've got a really cool idea for a video. I'll try to make it as short a possible. The idea is basically catching a snowflake turn from solid to liquid then to gas all in one slow motion shot. I believe you could do this by lowering the atmospheric pressure and increasing the heat inside vs outside. I believe I witnessed this and would love to recreate it and see it in detail.
malcoperegrantus
malcoperegrantus Il y a jour
you should not feature so many things that are intended to kill people
Bobby Bologna
Bobby Bologna Il y a jour
those oxygen candles are so neat, i had no idea
Bobby Bologna
Bobby Bologna Il y a jour
8:09 and just like that I know "Reverse Osmosis" hahaha! Never heard Destin NOT want to explain something before, hilarious.
Jeremiah Lim
Jeremiah Lim Il y a jour
50 million uninsured Americans will use VXPASS smart phone app...BSV coin to track their vaccination on double dosage injection. This is first time crypto currency is employed to track uninsured patients who do not have health record documents. I already bought $100000 worth of BSV coin as the future technology to rule America..
Fabulous Onwudebe
Fabulous Onwudebe Il y a jour
4:30 why is there 2 red eys?
juicyNathan
juicyNathan Il y a jour
Спасибо за видео, коммент для продвижения канала
นพดล ดวงแก้ว
นพดล ดวงแก้ว Il y a jour
How i make my house cleaned as the submarine?
some irish fella
some irish fella Il y a jour
This Channels gotta be the most informative channel about absolutely everything , and what I love the most is how he will ask can you show me can we see this , not just in this video but all of them he really wants to squeeze the most out of it all for us , and he's a total gentleman and the videos he makes with the kids in them are too wholesome 🙂
Kai Cao
Kai Cao Il y a jour
How to deal with the hydrogen when using electrolysis to make oxygen? Unlike CO2, hydrogen is hard to compress and much more dangerous.
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Il y a 3 heures
We just send it overboard.
dale blue
dale blue Il y a jour
Besides jet fighters pilots sub crew must be another geek level. Awesome
Sutha Sinnathurai
Sutha Sinnathurai Il y a 2 jours
The people in submarines knows how much trees are important for us
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